Frequently Asked Questions About DSM 5 Depression Criteria

I started collecting – and reading – psychology-related books early. My mother, a psychologist, said that I picked up one that she dropped on the floor on accident one day at around eight years old and started to read every word out loud slowly. I would not have possibly comprehended anything mentioned in that book by then, but she said that I kept going anyway. After that, she started to bring home more books about psychology, although they were already more appropriate for my age.



My growing love for psychology books did not come without a price, of course. The first problem was the older kids at school who called me a little know-it-all. It happened because of one incident in which I defended a classmate who got teased for coming from a broken home. The bullies said, “Teacher Mary taught us that apples don’t fall far from the tree. If your dad left your family, you would leave your future family, too, so don’t even think of getting married ever. Ha-ha-ha!” Of course, I interjected that was a baseless thing to say and that people could change their thought pattern if they wanted to avoid becoming like their parents. I was correct, but the older kids did not like to be told off by a younger student.

Another problem was that I refused to read the Bible again. As St. Anne’s Catholic School was the only private school with a three-mile radius, my parents decided to send me there. Mind you; we were not even a religious family. I used to tolerate the prayers and Bible services when I was younger, but I wanted to stick with my psychology books – and other non-religious books – when I entered middle school. The nuns at the school were horrified by my revelation and called my parents to the Principal’s office at once. 

My parents stayed in the Principal’s office for a closed-door meeting for over an hour that day. While waiting outside the office, I feared that I might get in trouble because of what I said. When the door opened, the nuns were tight-lipped as my parents guided me to the car.

“What happened, Mom? Am I expelled, Dad?” I asked as soon as we entered the car.

“No, sweetie,” Mom replied. “However, your father and I agreed to homeschool you for the rest of your high school so that you would no longer need to do what you don’t want. It would keep you away from those kids who bullied you, too. Would you like that?”

I had no teachers or classes to miss at school; I could see my friends after school or on the weekends. More importantly, I could keep on reading psychology books. What’s not to like about it? 

“Of course, Mom. That’s the best decision ever!” I exclaimed, beaming.

That same afternoon, my mother gave me a heavy book. I could barely balance it on my knees, but I read that it was DSM 5 – the version of the manual that I had been waiting for for a long time.



What are the DSM 5 criteria? 

The DSM-5 criteria are found in a mental health manual that psychological and psychiatric professionals turn to when diagnosing a patient’s possible disorder.

What is the DSM 5 code for depression? 

F32 is the DSM-5 cod for depression (major depressive disorder, to be specific).

What are the DSM 5 criteria for PTSD? 

Before you get diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), you should have been exposed to a traumatic event. You also likely have PTSD if you are overly pessimistic, practice self-blaming all the time, and avoid recalling your traumatic experiences.

What are the mood disorders in DSM 5? 

  • Depressive disorders
  • Bipolar disorder

What is the difference between DSM 4 and DSM 5? 

DSM-4 practically says that an individual only needs to tick any of the symptoms mentioned in the guideline before getting diagnosed. Meanwhile, DSM-5 is stricter because it requires a person to experience two or more symptoms before a diagnosis.

What is a DSM category? 

A DSM category refers to a classification of psychological disorders found in the manual.

What is the classification system for mental disorders? 

The classification system for mental disorders allows psychiatrists and psychologists to divide them based on illness symptoms and course.



What is the latest DSM? 

DSM-5 is the latest DSM manual.

How many diagnoses are there in DSM 5?

DSM-5 technically contains diagnoses for 157 mental disorders.

Will there be a DSM 6? 

It is highly possible that we won’t see a DSM-6 in the future, given that the fifth edition already contains significant changes.

What are the seven types of mental disorders? 

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Mood disorders
  • Post-traumatic disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • Undetermined disorders

What are the DSM 5 criteria for schizophrenia? 

According to DSM-5, an individual must show signs of hallucination, delusion, catatonic behavior, and other symptoms before being diagnosed with schizophrenia.

What are the limits of DSM? 

DSM does not indicate possible treatment for any mental disorder.

How many mental disorders are in DSM 5?

There are 157 mental disorders in the DSM-5.



Final Thoughts

The last time I set foot at St. Anne’s, it was to receive my high school diploma. That took less than an hour of the day, considering I did not need to march with the rest of my batchmates. After that, I went straight to the university where I would take up – guess what? – psychology. 

I realized as a college student that no book could ever fully prepare you for the questions of psych professors who knew better than to throw yes/no questions to students. Often, I would catch myself with my mouth hanging open whenever the teachers would talk about theories I did not come across in the books I read before. 

However, I found the most helpful was my DSM 5 book, especially when I went past the freshman year. While some of my classmates took a while to navigate the pages, I already knew which sections appeared on what pages. I went on to practice psychology, and there was no better backup than that book.